What Is Asphalt Pavement Made Up Of?

What Is Asphalt Pavement Made Up Of?

What Is Asphalt Pavement Made Up Of?


Asphalt pavement is the most commonly used material for roads, parking lots, sidewalks, and many other outdoor surfaces. It is a popular choice because it is affordable, durable, and easy to maintain. But have you ever wondered what asphalt pavement is made up of? In this blog post, we'll explore the components of asphalt pavement and how they work together to create a strong, long-lasting surface.

Asphalt pavement is made up of four main components: asphalt cement, aggregates, additives, and air voids. These components work together to create a strong, flexible pavement that can withstand heavy traffic and extreme weather conditions. Let's take a closer look at each component and how they contribute to the overall performance of the pavement.


Asphalt Cement

Asphalt cement is the binding agent that holds the other components of the pavement together. It is a thick, black liquid made from a combination of petroleum products and solvents. Asphalt cement is mixed with the aggregates and additives to create a thick, sticky substance that can be spread over a surface and compacted into a smooth, even layer.


Aggregates are the solid materials that make up the bulk of the pavement. They include crushed rock, gravel, sand, and other granular materials. Aggregates give the pavement its strength and stability by providing a solid base for the asphalt cement to adhere to. Different types of aggregates can be used depending on the specific requirements of the pavement, such as the expected traffic volume or environmental factors.


Additives are materials that are added to the asphalt mix to improve its performance and durability. They can include polymers, anti-stripping agents, and other substances that help the pavement resist wear and tear, cracking, and other forms of damage. Additives can also improve the appearance of the pavement by giving it a darker color or a smoother texture.

Air Voids

Air voids are the empty spaces within the pavement that allow it to flex and absorb shock. They are created during the compaction process when the asphalt mix is compressed into a dense layer. The amount of air voids in the pavement can affect its ability to withstand heavy traffic and extreme weather conditions, so it is important to maintain a consistent level of air voids throughout the pavement.



Asphalt pavement is a complex material that requires careful consideration of each component to create a strong, long-lasting surface. Understanding the composition of asphalt pavement can help property owners and managers make informed decisions about maintenance and repair, as well as choose the right materials for new construction projects. If you are in need of asphalt paving in Lodi, CA, contact the experts at M. Carroll Asphalt for a free quote. Our team of professionals has the knowledge and experience to help you achieve the best results for your pavement project.

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